Infectious Disease Epidemiology Program
The Infectious Disease Epidemiology Program’s primary purpose is to study the distribution and determinants of notifiable infectious diseases among citizens and visitors in Maine and to apply this study to the prevention and control of infectious disease.
Disease reporting from community health care providers and laboratorians constitutes the basis for effective public health prevention and intervention efforts. How do I report a notifiable disease?
Infectious Disease Epidemiologists are available 24 hours a day seven days a week to receive reports, provide consultation and recommend disease control measures. Where are Infectious Disease Epidemiologists located?
| Airborne & Direct Contact Diseases
Diseases caused by microbes small enough to be discharged from an infected person via coughing, sneezing, laughing and close personal contact. Examples include SARS, Legionellosis and Streptococcus.
| Food-borne and Diarrheal Diseases
Disease caused by consuming food or beverages that are contaminated by certain bacteria, viruses or parasites.
Toxins, certain drugs, some diseases, heavy alcohol use, and bacterial and viral infections can all cause hepatitis.
Influenza (flu) is a viral infection, most often longer lasting and worse than a cold. Symptoms may include aches, fever, sore throat.
|Recreational Water Illness
RWIs are caused by many different germs and are transmitted through recreational water sources, such as swimming in a pool or at a beach.
Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs.
| Vaccine-preventable Diseases
These are diseases which can be prevented through the use of a vaccine. Examples include Pertusis, Tetanus, and Measles.
| Vector-borne Diseases
Diseases that are transmitted by an insect or other arthropod. Examples include Lyme Disease and West Nile Virus.
| Zoonotic Diseases
Diseases which can be naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans. Examples include Rabies, Trichinosis and Hantavirus.