Assessment of School Security
- Maine School Security Guide: Twenty Simple Strategies to Safer and More Effective Maine Schools. This guide provides school officials with practical and no-cost and low-cost security evidence-based and research-based strategies.
- Maine School Security Report Excerpts. This report was directed by the Maine Legislature and presents results of a statewide school security assessment that was conducted by the Maine Department of Education during 2013 and 2014.
- County Emergency Management Agency (CEMA). Your local CEMA is the first contact for school districts when developing School Emergency Operations Plans. Agencies can also guide districts on assessment of school security. Contact one of the 16 local agencies for more information.
- Seven Important Building Design Features to Enhance School Safety and Security. (PDF, 2MB) This document provides general guidance on safer school building design, renovation and front entry concepts to enhance school safety, security, climate, culture and emergency preparedness.
- Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates (PDF). This 99-page guide focuses on the use of the threat-assessment process pioneered by the Secret Service as one component of the U.S. Department of Education’s efforts to help schools across the nation reduce school violence and create safe climates.
Reports, Research and Papers
- Report of Relative Risks of Death in U.S. K-12 Schools (PDF, 2MB) This report presents data on all-hazards. This information is designed to help school and public safety officials address all school safety risks in an efficient and logical manner. It is an observational study of open-source material.
- The School Climate Challenge: Narrowing the Gap Between School Climate Research and School Climate Policy, Practice Guidelines and Teacher Education Policy (PDF). This white paper is a collaboration between National School Climate Center, Center for Social and Emotional Education and National Center for Learning and Citizenship at Education Commission of the States.
- National Protection Framework. (PDF) This framework describes what the whole community should do to safeguard against acts of natural disasters, terrorism, and other threats or hazards. It describes the core capabilities; roles and responsibilites; and coordinataing structures that facilitate the protection of individuals, communities, and the Nation.
- Bomb Threat Guide. This free interactive planning guide was developed by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Drug Free School and the U.S. Department of Of Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
- Online Bomb Threat Reporting. Maine schools must report all bomb threats to the Maine Department of Education. Learn more about the laws and reporting requirements associated with responding to bomb threats against Maine schools.
Buildings & Grounds
- Buildings and Infrastructure Protection Series: Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and School Shootings (PDF). Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) prepared this manual for infrastructure protection and disaster management. The manual provides the design community and school administrators with the basic principles and techniques to make a school safe from terrorist attacks and school shootings while ensuring it is functional and aesthetically pleasing.
- Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds. FEMA offers this manual to provide guidance for the protection of school buildings from natural disasters.
- Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance (TA) Center. The TA Center disseminates information about school emergency management to help schools, districts and institutions of higher education learn more about a developing, implementing and evaluating comprehensive, all-hazards school emergency management plans.
- Risk and Resilience Screening for Buildings. This tool evaluates risk and resilience of buildings for potential threats. It helps you identify, inventory and rank your buildings. Integrated Rapid Visual Screening (IRVS) is a quick and simple tool designed to determine initial or relative risk and resilience for buildings based on visual inspection only. The IRVS software is available free of charge by U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Maine School Emergency Preparedness Planning
- Creating Safe Havens: School Emergency Operations Plans.(PDF, 105KB). Planning is essential in order for staff to be ready to respond and maintain control during the early minutes of a critical incident. This program connects the federal, state and county standards to chart the planning aspect of school emergency preparedness and will help districts understand related school requirements.
Many federal resources are available to guide schools in emergency management. Please refer to the following federal agencies for guidance on school emergency preparedness:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Federal Bureau of Investigation
- Federal Emergency Management Agency
- Transportation Safety Administration
- U.S. DOE
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
- U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- U.S. Department of Justice
- U. S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration
- Bullying Prevention on School Buses. These training modules help foster a safe and respectful environment on our nation’s school buses. Learn how to build a supportive bus climate, courtesy of U.S. DOE and National Association of Pupil Transportation.
- Emergency Management Institute. Supports FEMA's goals by improving the competencies of the U.S. officials in emergency management at all levels of government to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from and mitigate the potential effects of all types of disasters and emergencies.
- Introduction to the Incident Command System (ICS) for Schools. This online training promotes school safety by familiarizing school personnel with how ICS principles can be applied in school-based incidents and preparing them to interface with community response personnel. FEMA provides this training at no cost.
- National Training and Education. A variety of resources provided by FEMA.
- Practice Sessions. The director of your CEMA will make appointments to schedule emergency management practice sessions and collaborate with local first responders. You will need to call your CEMA to schedule an appointment.
- Preparing for Mass Casualty Incidents: A Guide for School, Higher Education and Houses of Worship. This online training provides leading practices and resources to assist schools and higher education. FEMA provides this training at no cost.
- School Transportation Security Awareness (STSA). The U.S. Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration provides a program on STSA, which focuses on terrorist and criminal threats to school buses, bus passengers and destination facilities.
- Transportation Software Program. Transfinder student routing and transportation management system is provided to public schools at no cost. Learn more on the Transfinder software’s website.