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Bed & Breakfast Life Safety Requirements
So you're wondering what you'll have to do to meet State requirements when opening a B & B in Maine?
First determine how many bedrooms will be available for rent. You are allowed to rent to 3 outsiders without needing State approval. At 2 people per bed, that equals 1 bedroom. (The 2nd rental bedroom might include a 4th person.) Once you are set up to rent more than 8 beds, (16 people), then the occupancy changes from the B&B classification of Rooming & Lodging to Hotel. Hotel use has more stringent requirements than does Rooming & Lodging.
Second, obtain a permit from our office to document that your plans will adhere to State law, and the 2009 NFPA 101 Life Safety Code. Call 207-626-3884/3885 to get application form, fee schedule and a submittal criteria summary. The forms are also available on the Applications Page. This permit is called a Construction Permit, even though there may be no new construction or only minor renovation. The permit is still required because the building will be either getting a new use classification, or an expanded use. This permit is in addition to any local permits that the town may require, so check with them to see what their requirements are, as well. The stamp of a design professional such as an Architect is required on the set of plans if the construction/renovation cost is over $50,000. One set of plans will have to be submitted, whether the design professional's stamp is required or not. The plans will include a site plan, elevations, and floor plans.
Third, consider this list of basic requirements for new or expanded use of Rooming & Lodging:
This list summarizes only the main points, and is not exhaustive. Once we have your information to review, we will be able to answer more specific questions.
Fourth, in addition to the fire & life safety requirements above, the Division of Health Engineering at 207-287-5675 issues B & B licenses, so call them too. Their issues have to do with drinking water, plumbing, and providing food to the public.
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