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Home > English Learners > Refugee and Immigrant Resources

Resources for Serving Refugee and Immigrant Students


Definition of Immigrant Children and Youth

The term “immigrant children and youth” as defined in section 3301(6) of ESEA, means individuals who:

  • are aged 3 through 21;
  • were not born in any State;
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years; and
  • is not a US citizen


The ESEA also contains a definition of State.  Under section 3101(14) of the ESEA, the term “State” means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.  For this reason, children born overseas to U.S. military personnel, because they were not born in a State, can fall within the ESEA definition of “immigrant child and youth” if they meet all of the other criteria of that definition.


Websites, Articles, Webinars and Videos


Migration Policy Institute (MPI) home page

     MPI Data Hub - Migration facts, statistics and maps

     National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy

     ELL Information Center


Migrant and Immigrant Services Website

     Maine Monitor Advocate website

State of Maine Office of Refugee Resettlement Funded Programs


University of Southern Maine Multicultural Student Affairs (includes events)


Bridging Refugee Youth and Children’s Services (BRYCS) provides national technical assistance to organizations serving refugees and immigrants

     BRYCS "Promising Practices" Programs

     Interpretation/Translation in the Schools - From BRYCS, an extensive list of resources including BRYCS work on Interpretation/Translation, Legal Basis, and Resources for Schools and Interpreters.

     Refugee Head Start Collaboration 

     Refugee and Immigrant Family and Community Engagement in the Schools - this 24/7-access online training created for schools and refugee services staff reviews the Parent-Teacher Association’s (PTA) six National Standards for Family-School Partnerships and provides recommendations on implementing each of the standards with refugee and immigrant students and their families.  Promising practices for each of the standards are discussed, and additional resources provided. This is a self-guided tutorial about 78 minutes in length.


U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI)

The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools - Immigrant and Refugee Children

ELL Services for School-Aged Refugee Children (Illinois State Board of Education); site offers extensive resource information


Refugee and Immigrant Services Information

Maine Department of Health and Human Services Office of Multicultural Affairs (DHHS OMA); Resources

Portland Public Schools Multilingual and Multicultural Center

Trinity Jubilee Center, Lewiston, Maine

211 Maine offers an excellent listing of Refugee Services; type "Refugee Services" in the Keyword box