Maine Cooperative Snow Survey
This information is provided by a partnership with Department of Conservation, Maine Geological Survey and the USGS Maine Water Science Center. For snow survey data prior to 2008, please contact the USGS Maine Water Science Center.
|Survey Date||Equivalent Water Content in Snowpack||Change in Water Content from Preceding Survey||Snowpack Depth||Snowpack Density||Water Content in Snowpack Compared to Historical Values||Mean Water Content in a Drainage Basin||ASCII Text File|
|September 19, 2007||The Farmers' Almanac is predicting cold and snowy conditions for the Northeast in 2007-2008, while the National Weather Service suggests slightly above normal temperatures and equal chances for below normal, normal, and above normal precipitation. We'll decide who was right next April. The survey dates for the coming season will be posted in the next several weeks. In the meantime, enjoy the great Fall weather.....|
|January 22, 2008||
Let's give round 1 to The Farmers' Almanac... Nice SE to NW gradient in snow depth and water content. Relatively uniform densities. All of the State normal or above normal in water content. What more is there to say...
|February 20, 2008||
We'll give round 2 to The Farmers' Almanac, too, but call it a split decision... We did have the warm-up in January, but there certainly is a lot of snow, with all but a few sites in the top 25-percent of historic measurements. The recent rains have made drawing the snow/no snow line difficult along the coast (even more so than normal), so don't put a lot of faith in that feature.
|March 5, 2008||
Round 3 goes to The Farmers' Almanac. Lots of snow and lots of water. In many cases in western Maine, the measured water content is the highest value measured at that site since 1969, which generated the Mother of all snowpacks. For sites started after 1969, many record measurements. Needless to say, the bulk of the State shows in the highest 25-percent of measured water content. The precipitation on the 5th may have added a bit to the water content.
|March 11, 2008||
The storms over the weekend produced mixed results throughout the State. Northern and eastern Maine added a few inches; central, western and southern Maine either lost an inch or so or only saw changes of less than +/- an inch of water. The bulk of the State remains in the highest 25-percent of historic measurements, with many areas in the highest 10-percent (check out the new and improved map of water content in snowpack compared to historical values). And the roads.... don't get me started....
|March 18, 2008||
No need to extrapolate data from the March 2-4 survey as our 3/19: friends at Brookfield Power and FPL provided us with extra sites this week. The snow is holding it's own and actually picked up water in various parts of the State. We are missing data from extreme southern Maine and eastern Aroostook County for these provisional maps, but I don't expect to see anything different when we make the final maps tomorrow. Much of the State is now in the 90th-percentile of historic measurements for water content - we're making history!
|March 25, 2008||
First, the maps are again based in part on data from last week's survey (3/18) in order to get some detail in the headwater portions of the Androscoggin, Kennebec, and Penobscot basins. Northern Maine picked up between 0 and 2 inches of water with the events of last week, with the rest of the State either holding it's own or losing a bit near the coast. The maps right along the coast are problematic. And, as expected, more of the State has moved into the 90th percentile of historic water content - we should be losing water content briskly now, not gaining.....
|April 1, 2008||
April 1st - no comment.... Picking up a little water up north; losing a little water south of Route 2 except around the Sebago area. Again, everywhere above the 75th percentile with most of the State above the 90th percentile. Just like last week, and the week before, and the week before that....
|April 8, 2008||
Finally!!! Some consistent loss of water across the southern third of the State.... And, much of the southern half of the State has dropped below the 90th percentile for water content. With only limited data from the upper Penobscot and St. John basins, the maps may underestimate the area with water content above 12 inches.
|April 15, 2008||
First, time for the unashamedly subjective results of the totally non-scientific and ill-advised competition I proposed at the start of the season: the Almanac clearly called the precipitation correctly, but the Weather Service called the slightly warmer-than-normal temperatures.....
|April 22, 2008||
Warm temperatures and sun have taken their toll on the snowpack with losses of 5, 6, and up to 7 inches of water in the past week. This has been reflected in the rivers, with flood watches and warnings along the Kennebec and the Mattawamkweag Rivers in Maine and the St. John River in New Brunswick.
|April 29, 2008||
Certainly the last set of maps for this year. The only significant snow is in the upper Allagash and St. John basins and along the Quebec-Maine border in western Maine (based on remote sensing data from the National Weather Service's National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center). The "no data" area reflects the fact that we have no sites in this part of the world.
|January 1, 2009||2008 Snow Survey maps have been archived. 2009 Survey dates are listed below. Dates are Tuesdays; maps will be posted here Tuesday evening or Wednesday morning following receipt and compilation of statewide snow survey data.|
|January 20, 2009||
Tuesday the 20th was a nice day for a snow survey in January.... I've certainly seen a lot worse. Water content is normal to above normal for this time of year where we have data or statistics. With the upcoming colder temperatures, the snow should hold very well for snow sports. Additional snow measurement data was used to revise the maps on 1/22/09.
|February 17, 2009||
Not much snow accumulated in the state over the past month. Snowpack density (water content/depth) went from an average of around .20 in mid-January to an average of around .25 in mid-February. Water content increased by about an inch in most areas of the state. The large storm that hit Maine on February 22nd and 23rd should appear in the data collected next week.
|March 3, 2009||
Snowpack depth and density increased this week across southern, central and eastern Maine after Monday's (3/2/09) big storm. More data is due in tomorrow to better gauge amounts in Washington County. There is certainly lots of snow across the state. Winter sports enthusiasts must be happy again this year!
|March 4, 2009||
Snowpack depth and density increased this week across southern, central and eastern Maine after Monday's (3/2/09) big storm. Over 180 sites were sampled this week to compile the maps. There is certainly lots of snow across the state. Winter sports enthusiasts must be happy!
|March 10, 2009||
Most of the state is within the 50 percent range of the historic record with eastern portions of the state in the highest 25 percent of historic measurements. We will continue our weekly readings and track whether we gain or lose water in the snowpack. Snow depths ranged from 13.2 to 38.3 inches and the water content in the snowpack ranged from 3.4 to 9.7 inches.
|March 17, 2009||
Snowpack depths (in inches) ranged from 9" in Pittsfield (central Maine) to over 37" at the Parlin Pond and Churchill Ridge sites (northwestern Maine). Water content ranged from 2" to almost 11". Snowpack densities are increasing and now range from .20 to .30 across much of the state. The recent warm weather has begun to erode the snowpack but mostly in southern and coastal Maine.
|March 24, 2009||
A steady decline in snowpack depth and water content continues across the state, although at a faster rate in southern, central and downeast regions. Northern and mountain regions of the state still are covered by over two feet of snow which contains over six and up to ten inches of water. Snowpack densities are on the rise in southern Maine. Forecasters at both ends of the state are keeping an eye on a rain event predicted for Saturday night into Sunday. Rain and warm temperatures in the headwaters may lead to potential flooding. Stay tuned......
|March 31, 2009||
The steady decline in water content and snowpack depth continues. For the first time this season areas of no snow were reported in York and Cumberland Counties. Northeastern Aroostook County picked up additional snowfall from Monday's storm. Water content in the snowpack in headwater regions remains high. Rivers and streams should be monitored in upcoming days with a flood watch in effect.
|April 7, 2009||
Lots of melting statewide this past week. Southern Maine sites went to either a trace or to no snow with central and northern Maine snow sites losing between one and four inches of water.
|April 14, 2009||
The slow melting of this season's snowpack continues. The southern third of the state is either snow free or showing just a trace. Northern areas are also thinning out. Correction made to data file after a mistake was found and maps remade (4/22/09).
|April 21, 2009||
This will be the last set of maps for the year. The only significant snow left in the state is in northern Aroostook County with some areas in the 6 - 12 inch range.
|January 5, 2010||
2010 Maine Cooperative Snow Survey started this week, right after the big weekend storm. Seventy-seven sites were reported across the State of Maine and along the border in New Hampshire. Of the Maine sites the maximum snow depth was 29.0 inches with a water content of 5.4 inches at Knowles Corner in Aroostook County. The minimum amount of snow measured in Maine was in Falmouth (Cumberland County) with 6.4 inches of snow with a water content of 1.0 inches. The next survey will take place the week of February 8th, 2010. First set of maps was revised on 1/11/10 after receiving additional readings late last week
|February 9, 2010||
The snow drought continues across much of the State of Maine, although cold temperatures have keep the snowpack fairly intact. Depths range from 2.5 inches in Bucksport to 24 inches in Fort Kent. There has been little loss or gain in water content in the snowpack since the January survey. Much of the meltwater from the January rain is locked up in ice in Maine's rivers.
|March 3, 2010||
From the Maine River Flow Advisory Commission meeting on March 4, 2010: Despite a ”topsy-turvy” winter that has brought far more snow to Washington DC than to Maine, spring flood potential is in the normal range for the time of year, according to Maine’s River Flow Advisory Commission. The Commission, meeting today in Augusta, reviewed information on current hydrologic conditions across the state, as well as short-term weather forecasts.
“The snowpack in the headwaters of our major rivers is in the normal range for the time of year, thanks in large part to the storm last week,” said Bob Lent, Director of the USGS Maine Water Science Center and co-chairman of the Commission. “There may be a sense of complacency that the flood risk is over because there is very little snow in the southern part of the State, and the very visible ice jam in the Kennebec is gone. But risk factors for spring flooding are still there.”
Heavy rains can cause flooding at any time of year. However, additional risk factors in the spring include snowpack, frozen or saturated ground, and river ice.
The headwaters of the Kennebec, Androscoggin and Penobscot Rivers have an average 5 to 7 inches of water contained in the snowpack, with locally higher amounts, according to this week’s survey. This puts most of the headwaters areas in the normal range for the time of year.
|March 9, 2010||
Number of sites visited this week is way down from the first of March survey, down from over 150 to under 50 sites measured. Data shows a slow loss of snow in southern Maine with isolated sites in northern Maine also losing snow. With little precipitation in the forecast and the warmer temperatures the slow melting of the snowpack will continue.
|March 16, 2010||
With one hundred and fifteen sites visited so far this week we have a good picture of how much snow is remaining across the state. The range in depth was 0 to 34.2 inches of snow and the range in water is from 0 to 10.6 inches. Highest amount of snow and the highest water content were at the Parlin Pond site in Somerset County.
|March 23, 2010||
Record warm temperatures across the state in the past week have helped erode the snowpack. This week's cooler temperatures and moisture with rain and some snow will slow the melting. The high numbers for this past week are at the Crawford Pond site in TA R11 along the Appalachian Trail east of Moosehead Lake. 26.7 inches of snow were reported with 7.8 inches of water.
|March 30, 2010||
Seventy four sites reported this week. High point winner was up in Allagash with 27.5 inches of snow with 7 inches of water. The steady decline continues and the measurements may end after next week. Warm temperatures are predicted for the upcoming weekend.
|April 6, 2010||
Snow has melted across much of the state, although areas high in elevation are still holding onto their snowpack. Allagash site was again the high point this week with 14.4 inches of snow and 4.6 inches of water. Close behind was Winterville, measured by the Caribou office of the National Weather Service, with 12.5 inches of snow holding 4.6 inches of water.
This week will mark the end of measurements across much of the state.
|April 13, 2010||
2010 Maine Cooperative Snow Survey has come to a close this week. Only a trace of snow was measured in Allagash on Tuesday. Some snow still remains in the highest elevations of Maine but none of the sites we visit are recording any measurable snow. Thanks to all of you who sent us data! See you next winter!
|April 20, 2010|
|April 27, 2010|
|May 4, 2010|
|January 4, 2011||
Sparse amounts of snow in the southwestern and northeastern regions of the state, but densities are high compared to numbers in early 2010. Warm temperatures and some rainfall has knocked down the snowpack and storms staying in the Gulf of Maine have kept the snow from building up in the mountains. It is early so things are bound to improve for snow lovers.
|February 2, 2011||
February survey, completed just before the 2/2 storm, shows a moderate increase since early January in snowpack depth and water content across much of the state. The exception is the St. John Valley in Aroostook County where snow totals remain on the low side. This week's high reading was in Greenville with 24.8 inches of snow (5.5 inches of water) while the low reading was 8.2 inches of snow (1.2 inches of water) in Fort Kent.
|March 1, 2011||
Over 175 sites were measured in this week's extensive survey. Lots of snow is being measured across the entire state, a big change from early February when northern Aroostook County recorded low amounts of snow. Russell Pond, north of Moosehead Lake, recorded the highest totals in the latest survey with 41.8 inches of snow and 10.8 inches of water. The water content in the 24+ inches of snow across eastern Maine is high and bears watching. Weekly readings will now take place until the snowpack has melted.
|March 8, 2011||
We dropped to 70 measurements this week, down from the 177 last week just ahead of the River Flow Advisory Commission meeting on 3/3. Their report on state-wide conditions can be viewed at: http://www.maine.gov/rfac/rfac_reports.shtml Snowpack and water content conditions changed across the state this week. The mostly rain event in southern Maine melted much of the snow. Snowpack lost between one and two inches of water. Copious amounts of snow fell across northern Maine with the NWS office in Caribou reporting 27 inches of new snow at Saint Pamphile from the storm of 3/6 - 3/7. Ice accumulations in southern Aroostook and northern Penobscot and Piscataquis Counties caused power outages from falling limbs. An inch of ice was reported in Houlton with an extensive band of over a half an inch of ice. Readings for the sites we visited this week include 47.8 inches of snow at Musquacook (12 inches of water) and 40 inches of snow with 10.8 inches of water at Allagash. Coastal Washington and Hancock Counties and mid-coast areas lost between 1 and 3 inches of water with the melting early this week.
|March 15, 2011||
Snowpack depth and water content continue to decline across the state except for the western mountains where a slight gain is seen. Cool nights and warm days help keep the flood potential down, although a few areas have seen high water. Densities are beginning to rise across the state as spring-like weather sets in. Highest snow depth for the week was in Allagash with 43.3 inches while the highest water content was at Parlin Pond with 11.4 inches of water. Lowest reading of snow depth was at South Berwick with 7.8 inches.
|March 22, 2011||
Seventy three sites were measured across the state this week. The maximum depth of snow was thirty seven inches with 8.55 inches of water at Musquacook. Clayton Lake was close behind. Densities are beginning to rise. Lowest reading was at Bucksport with 5.3 inches of snow and one inch of water.
|March 29, 2011||
One hundred sites are included in this week's survey. High points were at Parlin Pond with 36.3 inches of snow and 10.7 inches of water along with Greenville (again) with 28.7 inches of snow and 11.7 inches of water. Densities continue to climb. Not much change has taken place across the state as cool nighttime temperatures have kept the snowpack in place.
|April 5, 2011||
Sixty nine sites were measured this week. Snow depths ranged from 33.4 inches of snow at the Kennebec Water Power Company site at Carrabassett to 2.8 inches at West Kennebunk. Water contents ranged from 12.6 inches at Greenville/Greenville Junction to .39 inches at West Kennebunk.
|April 12, 2011||
Eighty sites were measured across Maine this week. For the first time this season many sites reported just a trace of snow. The Carrabassett site near the southeast corner of Flagstaff Lake continues to have the most snow with 26.8 inches. The Greenville / Greenville Junction site has the most water with 11.4 inches. The most snow in the state is in a belt east and west of Moosehead Lake. Conditions are changing fast as warm temperatures and rain are helping to melt the snow.
|April 19, 2011||
Snowpack depth and water content are dropping slowly as we move to the end of April. Many sites in southern and coastal Maine are either devoid of snow or showing just a trace. Highest snow amount this week is at the Charles Pond site near St. Pamphile with 22.6 inches of snow with Clayton Lake (21.8") and the Kennebec Water Company site at Carrabassett (21.0") not far behind.
|April 26, 2011||
It looks like this will be the last week for surveying the snowpack across southern and eastern Maine. The snowpack is holding on in the mountains and in northwestern Maine but elsewhere it is almost all melted. A few readings from northern Maine may come in next week.
|May 3, 2011||
Final set of 2011 Maine Cooperative Snow Survey products is now posted. Small amounts of snow are being reported in northwestern Maine. Thank you to all the cooperators who went out and collected data this year!
|January 4, 2012||
2012 Maine Cooperative Snow Survey began this week. Fifty-nine sites were visited across the state. Only sixteen of the visited sites had measurable snow, with five sites recording a trace. This left thirty-eight sites with no snow at all!
|January 31, 2012||
New data came in to fill in some big holes in the Allagash and St. John headwater areas so we have revised the maps. Snowpack depth and water content have increase significantly in the northern part of the state since early January while southern Maine shows a slight improvement. The most comprehensive survey of the year begins at the end of this month.
|February 28, 2012||
Snowpack depth and water content have risen to normal levels in northern Maine since the survey done in early February. Over 180 sites were surveyed across the state this week. High point for snow depth was in Ashland with almost 36 inches of snow. A couple sites in northern Maine had water content of over seven inches. The March 1st snowstorm in southern Maine will show up in next week's survey.
|March 6, 2012||
A few new sites were reported so the maps were revised. High points for the week of March 5th were Allagash with 35.6 inches of snow and Guerette with 7.7 inches of water in the snowpack.
|March 13, 2012||
One hundred and eight sites were visited this week. Twenty of the sites in northern Maine had snowpack depths of over twenty inches. The high spot was Russell Pond, near the headwaters of the St. John River, which reported 28.5 inches of snow, holding 7.3 inches of water. Recent warm temperatures caused southern Maine to quickly lose the snow it had received early in the month.
|March 20, 2012||
Snow is melting fast across the southern regions of the State. Ninety-two sites were measured this week. High point was again Russell Pond with measurements of 26.8 inches of snow and 8.2 inches of water. With our record warm temperatures many sites in southern Maine will drop out this week.
|March 27, 2012||
A few new readings were reported from last week so the maps have been revised. The 2012 season of the Maine Cooperative Snow Survey is winding down fast. High spots for the week were Churchill Dam on the Allagash River with 8.8 inches of snow (2.9 inch water content) and Winterville with 9 inches of snow (2.7 inches of water). Most of the 69 sites visited across the State of Maine were either devoid of snow or just showing a trace. A map may be posted next week if anyone reports in.
|April 3, 2012||
Thirty-eight sites were visited across the State this first week of April. Only three sites reported snow; the Seven Islands site at Charlie Pond with 3.7 inches of snow (1.6" water content), Portage at Hathaway Road with 1.7 inches of snow (.4" water content), and Churchill Dam on the Allagash River with 7.2 inches of snow (2.3" water content).
|April 10, 2012||
Two readings were called in today (4/10/12). Richard Albert, USGS observer, called to report 50% cover (accounted for in the readings) at Charles Pond near St. Pamphile. Snow depth was 3.50 inches with a water content of 1.50 inches. Density was 0.43 percent. Kevin Brown, Chief Ranger on the Allagash Wilderness Waterway, reported 7.5 inches of snow with a water content of 2.5 inches at Churchill Dam. Density was 0.33 percent.
|April 17, 2012|
|April 24, 2012|
|May 1, 2012|
|Provisional product; subject to revision||Final product; no revisions||Final product; revised from original product||No product for this survey date|