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Welcome to the Maine State Archives


19th Maine Infantry

And welcome to Augusta, Maine: June 1865! On your right, lined up along State Street, is the 19th Maine Infantry, home at last from three years in the Army of the Potomac. On the balconies and porticoes of the famed hotel "The Augusta House" are various dignitaries including the Governor, the Adjutant General, the Mayor and their wives and guests. We don't know who the guy on the roof is. In the center is a little band of musicians who played for every regiment that left for the war out of Augusta; and for every regiment that returned here. Off in the distance you can see the dome of the original Capitol Building of the State of Maine. You can get right into this picture by clicking here.

Photo courtesy of Earl Shettleworth, Maine Historic Preservation Commission
The 20th Maine Battle Flag Found!

While us folks here at the Maine State Archives stand second to none in our admiration for Joshua L. Chamberlain, we would like to introduce you to some other brave men from Maine and amaze you with the heroic exploits and gallant deeds performed by other Mainers!


If you would like to read a first-hand account of heroic action on the first day of Gettysburg click here for Hall's 2nd Maine Battery.

For a somewhat less heroic, but nevertheless pretty brave, account of Fredericksburg, click here.

We have approximately 600 carte-de visite photos of Maine officers, which were solicited by the Adjutant General of Maine during the Civil War. Many are autographed. Maybe someday we will scan all 600 stern visages on this page, but click on this if you want to see a very stern visage from the17th Maine.


Click here, for an image of a General who became Governor of Maine.


Numbered among the intrepid Mainers were a few ladies who, among other good deeds, helped in the grisly task of mopping up after battles. Click here to read the post Gettysburg report of Sarah Sampson.


Not only were Mainers brave, heroic, gallant, and intrepid! They were also perceptive and astute! Click here to be enlightened about what it takes to be a general as explained by a paymaster for the Army of the Potomac.


We don't want you to forget the many Mainers who served in Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana, where many hundreds died of disease. The 2nd Maine Cavalry, for instance, lost only 10 in battle, while 334 succumbed to disease. Click here to read an account of their ill-fated raid on Marianna, Florida.


Some of us Archivists have been working on our voluminous Civil War records for 25 years and have amassed many a good yarn about Maine's role in the Civil War. Click here for a good yarn about Major James Jones, "The Fighting Quaker." If you visit our Archives, we are always eager to swap yarns, although campfires, coffee, goober peas and hardtack are prohibited in the research area.

 Sometimes just getting to the war was dangerous. In March 1862, the transport steamer Mississippi was nearly sunk in a violent storm, then ran aground off Cape Hatteras. On board was a Massachusetts Regiment, a detachment of the 13th Maine led by its ineffable Colonel Neal Dow; and General Ben Butler. (Some of you may wish the boat had sunk!) Click here for a brief yarn about Neal Dow and his account of this incident.


A train ride we'd like to have taken! Click here for a really good yarn about the Gettysburg Reunion of 1913.

 BUT, you say: Where is the Twentieth Maine and its illustrious Commander?? We want Lawrence!


O.K.,O.K. But did you know that four members of the 20th Maine won the C M of H.? Here's one of them, Walter G. Morrill.

Click here for a photo of a Chamberlain.

 Click here for a letter by a Chamberlain.

 All right, here he is: the Chamberlain!!

"Yarn of the Month!"
"Men Should Be Proud Of Them"

"They will be when they know it all..." Captain Augustine Thompson, Co. G., 28th Maine. You can be proud of them too, if you go to our latest 'Yarn of the Month'.

Also check our our Previous "Yarns of the Month".

 Well, we hope this has given you some of the flavor of the Civil War stuff available at the Maine State Archives. We picked these examples by whim, by chance, by known popular demand (J.L. Chamberlain), or just because one of us had an ancestor in a particular outfit, which is why this page is topheavy with the 19th Maine Infantry. We hope you have enjoyed it and that you'll consider sharing any good Maine-related yarns you might think we'd like to know about. We'll be adding goodies from time to time.

Here are some links to specific records.


  • Summary Unit Histories and related materials.

  • Correspondence: 1. Regimental Correspondence; 2 Municipal Correspondence, 3. Related Correspondence

  • Officer's Photos.

  • Chamberlain Materials.

    You can reach us at the moment by e-mailing us at:

    Our snail mail address is Maine State Archives, State House Station #84 Augusta, ME 04333-0084.

    You can fax us at (207) 287-5739.

    If you have the patience of a saint, you can try to call us at (207) 287-5795. Be prepared for Voice Mail instead of human beings.

    Better yet, come and visit us. Whether you're a Reb or a Yankee, a hard-core reenactor or a neophyte "buff", you'll be welcome.


    Thanks for rallying to our Colors. Please visit us again!


    This page was last on March 20, 2000.

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