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Home > Exhibits > To Market, To Market 2

To Market - To Market, Continued

To order reproductions of any of these materials from our holdings contact the Maine State Archives at 207-287-5795.

Trademark for Lafayette Bug Killer

Lafayette Bug Killer, B.W. Cote, Augusta, 1904

An early business entrepreneur and politician from Augusta's Franco-American community, Mr. Cote identified his French heritage by using the Marquis de Lafayette as his trademark. He also manufactured other household products, including laundry blueing and "Made in Maine Magic Water."

Trademark for Dana's Sarsaparilla

Dana's Sarsaparilla, Kilgore and Wilson, Belfast, 1888

A year after this trademark was registered, G.C. Kilgore and others organized the Dana Sarsaparilla Company. By 1891 they had built a five-floor factory for $17,000, each floor measuring 26,600 square feet; and were employing 35 people. It was said that Dana's Sarsaparilla "wrought many wonderful cures."

Trademark for Paris Sugar Corn

Paris Sugar Corn - Burnham and Morrill Company, Portland, 1890

Another award-winning Burnham and Morrill product.

Trademark for Multi - A Game of Multiplication

Multi - A Game of Multiplication - David Page Perkins, Portland, 1896

This children's educational game is the only product whose trademark was registered by its publisher, David Page Perkins. Perkins is not listed in the Portland City Directories of this period; and it could not be determined how the game was played.

Trademark for Orange Blossoms Tea

Another Trademark for Orange Blossoms Tea

Orange Blossoms Tea - H.S. Melcher Company, Portland, 1900.

Civil War buffs will note that Holman S. Melcher, the owner of this wholesale grocery firm, was a member of the famous 20th Maine Infantry regiment. After the war, Melcher became a successful businessman and was prominent in civil affairs, serving two terms as Mayor of Portland in 1889-90.

Trademark for Turner Centre Creamery Butter

Turner Centre Creamery (butter) - Turner Centre Dairying Association, Turner Center, 1898

The Turner Centre Dairying Association was at one time the largest commercial creamery in Maine, and one of the three largest in New England. Founded in 1882, by the turn of the century the Association marketed 23% of all cream and 35% of all butter commercially produced in the State and employed 32% of all dairy factory hands in Maine. The firm had 41 branch offices in New England and Canada, with an additional processing plant in Boston. In 1917, it manufactured the first commerical ice cream in New England; and the association's founder, Edwin Leavitt Bradford, is credited with the invention of the celebrated "Eskimo Pie," although many other ice cream manufacturers around the country have made the same claim! Later in the century, control of this family business was gained by H.P. Hood & Sons.

Trademark for Arabian Elixir

trademark for Mrs. E.A. Lowd's LinimentTrademark for Jamaica Ginger

trademark for St. Anthony's Extract of Elder

Arabian Elixir - Charles S. Marsh, Dexter, 1894
Mrs. E.A. Lowd's Vegetable Liniment - Eliza A. Lowd, Denmark, 1885
Jamaica Ginger - Kilgore and Wilson, Belfast, 1888
St. Anthony's Extract of Elder - Mary Collins and Company, Westbrook, 1895

An astonishing number of early trademarks were filed for patent medicines, cure-alls, elixirs and potions that claimed to remedy all sorts of ailments. Some were manufactured by retail druggists, whose profession required them to personally mix medicines to a greater degree than is common today. Others were produced by individuals, presumably in their own kitchens. A few of these descriptive trademarks have been selected to give the verbal flavor of the numerous benefits claimed for such nostrums.

Trademark for Shaker Brand Pickles

Trademark for Shaker Brand Pickles A collection of Trademarks for Shaker products

Shaker Brand Pickles, Etc. - E.D. Pettengill and Company, Portland, 1892

After the death of her husband E.D. Pettengill, Sarah Pettengill purchased all interest in the company and carried on the business herself. The Pettengills had an exclusive arrangement with the Shaker religious community at Sabbathday Lake through which they distributed Shaker-made products for the retail market.

Trademark for Pure Diamond Spring Water

Pure Diamond Spring Water, George F. Temple, Augusta, 1896

The area within a half-mile radius of the Maine State Archives once contained a network of brooks, ponds and underground springs that surfaced at numerous points, sometimes in people's back yards. Mr. Temple, whose spring was evidently located in this immediate neighborhood, saw commercial possibilities in the local geography. He delivered fresh spring water to customers all over Augusta and in surrounding towns.