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1802 -1878. Born in Hampden, Maine, Dorothea Dix pioneered care and treatment for the mentally ill. During her travels to hospitals and prisons across the country, Dix observed the deplorable manner in which the mentally ill and handicapped of this nation were being treated. Dix petitioned state legislatures to allocate funding for the establishment of properly run mental institutions. During the Civil War, Dix served as the supervisor of nurses for the Union army. Once the war ended, Dix picked up right where she had left off and continued her work as an advocate for the mentally ill and handicapped.
For more information visit http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=48
Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-9797
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