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Salix candida Fluegge ex Willd.

Photo: Salix candida

Hoary Willow

Habitat: Calcareous bogs and thickets. [Forested wetland; Open wetland, not coastal nor rivershore (non-forested, wetland); Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet)]

Range: Newfoundland to Athabasca, Wyoming, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Iowa and South Dakota.

Photo: Salix candida

Aids to Identification: Willows are recognized by their winter buds and flowers. Their buds are covered by a single, cap-like scale, and their flowers are very small and are borne in catkins. Identification of willows is complicated by the fact that these plants are dioceous - the staminate and carpellate flowers are borne on separate plants. The hoary willow is a shrub that grows in clumps, 1-3 m high and has oblong, tapering leaves 5-10 cm long, greyish green and covered beneath with dense white woolly hairs. (The leaves resemble those of garden sage, hence its other common name of sage willow.) Often confused with S. pellita, a species of northern and western Maine rivershores. S. pellita usually has glabrous twigs, lacks stipules, and leaves with semi-lustrous pubescence. S. candida usually has tomentose twigs, has small stipules, and leaves with dull pubescence.

Photo: Salix candida

Ecological characteristics: All occurrences in Maine have been from circumneutral fens.

Phenology: Flowers in May.

Family: Salicaceae

Synonyms: None noted.

Known Distribution in Maine: This rare plant has been documented from a total of 5 town(s) in the following county(ies): Aroostook.

Dates of documented observations are: 1881, 1914, 1940, 1956, 1997

Reason(s) for rarity: Natural scarcity of suitable (i.e. calcareous) habitat.

Conservation considerations: The single currently known Maine population is not particularly vulnerable to human activities. Although a small and very local population, it has persisted for decades at least.